The History of Women's Sports Medicine


  • Jo A. Hannafin, MD, PhD Hospital for Special Surgery
  • Lisa R. Callahan, MD Hospital for Special Surgery



female athlete, women's sports medicine


This editorial reviews the rationale for development of Women’s Sports Medicine Programs in the United States.  Current issues surrounding the lack of sex-specific analysis in the published literature are reviewed. There is an ongoing need for basic, translational, and clinical research in optimizing care of female athletes and active women of all ages. The importance of the newly established Journal of Women’s Sports Medicine in fulfilling that need is discussed.


Hayes, MK, Brown S, Mulcahey MK. Women's Sports Medicine Programs in the United States: an interdisciplinary approach to the care of girls and women. Phys Sportsmed. 2020 Feb;48(1):81-85. doi: 10.1080/00913847.2019.1632157. Epub 2019 Jun 28. PMID: 31213108 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

Lin CY, Casey E, Herman DC, Katz N, Tenforde AS. Sex differences in common sports injuries. PM R. 2018 Oct; 10(10):1073-1082. doi 10.1016/j.pmrj.2018.03.008. Epub 2018 Mar14.

Hettrich, CM, Hammoud, S, LaMont, LE, Arendt, EA, Hannafin, JA. Sex-specific analysis of data in high-impact orthopaedic journals: How are we doing? Clin Orthop Rel Res. Sept 24(9):2818-4, doi 10.1177/0363546515578838 Dec; 473(12):3700-3704. Epub 2015 Jul 22

Gianakos, AL, Szukics, P, George, N, Elkattawy, S, LaPorte, M, Mulcahey, MK. Sex-specific analysis at two time points in three high-impact orthopaedic sports medicine journals. Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil. 2020 Apr 28;2(3):e207-e212. doi: 10.1016/j.asm.2020.02.002. eCollection 2020 Jun.







How to Cite

The History of Women’s Sports Medicine. (2021). Journal of Women’s Sports Medicine, 1(1), 3-5.

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